By A. Kusserow
What are not easy and delicate individualisms? during this distinct ethnography of 3 groups in ny and Queens, Kusserow interviews mom and dad and lecturers (from filthy rich to these on welfare) at the different types of not easy and gentle individualisms they motivate of their young children and scholars. American Individualisms explores the $64000 factor of sophistication changes within the socialization of individualism in the US. It offers American individualism now not as one unmarried homogeneous, stereotypic life-pattern as usually claimed to be, yet as variable, class-differentiated types of individualism instilled in teenagers through their mom and dad and preschool lecturers in big apple and Queens. via delivering wealthy descriptions of the situational, class-based individualisms that take root in groups with drastically various visions of the long run, Kusserow brings social inequality again into formerly bland and wide-spread discussions of yank individualism.
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Extra resources for American Individualisms: Child Rearing and Social Class in Three Neighborhoods (Culture, Mind and Society)
I would argue, especially in preschools, along with learning the ABCs, the child learns the class culture of hard (protective or projective) or soft individualism, a particular conception of self and its relation to the world. In my ﬁeld work in two working-class preschools, one did not socialize the dominant upper-middle-class culture of psychologized, expressive individualism, while the other tried it, with half the teachers embracing this and half laughing at it. In the one preschool where workingclass children were taught upper-middle-class psychologized individualism, this was largely because the New York Board of Education insisted teachers socialize the child’s self in this softer way, not because the parents or certain working-class teachers felt it was the correct way to treat a child.
If you’re strong about your conﬁdence, you struggle by a lot of things, but it gives you an outlook, you know, about the whole issues. The most important one, perseverance, is also something that to be strong and to be tough, make sure that you go through all the things. ] Ach! There are so many things, I don’t know what to say—everything, there’s prejudice, racism, murders, people being selﬁsh being greedy. What were some of the ways Queenston parents attempted to toughen the self? In my interviews, through watching how parents interacted with their 36 American Individualisms children, I discovered that much of the thickening and toughening of the boundaries of the self occurred through using techniques such as humor and teasing, by instilling a ‘‘get over it,’’ ‘‘move on’’ philosophy, by using a relatively loud, strict voice in discipline (which also often included spanking and hitting), and by not necessarily saving face in front of the child when they were angry or frustrated.
Despite her shy personality, during our interview she would switch suddenly into loud, harsh yells and she would scream at the kids to leave her alone while she was talking. Neither the child nor the parent ﬂinched from these outbursts. Both resumed normal play or conversation, as if it were part of the natural ebb and ﬂow of life in the house. She then went on to talk about her eldest, who was the ‘‘mushiest’’ because he got the most attention. When I asked her if too much attention leads to that, she talked about how ‘‘you shouldn’t pay too much attention to any emotion and you shouldn’t baby them too much, give them too much praise.
American Individualisms: Child Rearing and Social Class in Three Neighborhoods (Culture, Mind and Society) by A. Kusserow