By Eric D. Lemont
When you consider that 1975, whilst the U.S. executive followed a coverage of self-determination for American Indian international locations, various the 562 federally famous international locations have seized the chance to control themselves and ensure their very own fiscal, political, and cultural futures. As a primary and an important step during this technique, many countries are revising constitutions initially constructed by means of the U.S. govt to create governmental constructions extra attuned to local people's designated cultural and political values. those new constitutions and the governing associations they carry are fostering better governmental balance and responsibility, expanding citizen help of presidency, and delivering a more impregnable starting place for monetary and political improvement. This publication brings jointly for the 1st time the writings of tribal reform leaders, lecturers, and felony practitioners to provide a entire review of yank Indian international locations' constitutional reform strategies and the rebuilding of local international locations. The ebook is geared up in 3 sections. the 1st half investigates the historic, cultural, monetary, and political motivations at the back of American Indian countries' fresh reform efforts. the second one half examines the main major parts of reform, together with standards for tribal membership/citizenship and the reform of governmental associations. The booklet concludes with a dialogue of the way American Indian countries are navigating the method of reform, together with overcoming the politics of reform, maximizing citizen participation, and constructing non permanent and long term courses of civic schooling.
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Additional resources for American Indian Constitutional Reform and the Rebuilding of Native Nations
S. Constitution created a stronger executive than the Articles of Confederation because the Founding Fathers did not believe the old government was capable of managing military, economic, and diplomatic issues. indb 21 3/8/06 3:52:20 PM 22 Duane Champagne administration of government as a necessity for achieving appropriate action, which could not happen in the legislative branch. Such concentrations of power, however, need checks and balances, usually in the form of a clear separation of powers and duties with the other two branches of government.
The simultaneous management of traditional clan-based and religious community is not seen to contradict management of capitalist enterprise, as predicted by Western modernization theory. Rather, capitalism is seen as organized for the collective wellbeing and preservation of the community, an unfortunate necessity in a globalized market system. The two pueblo cases, both with stable and enduring traditional religious communities, exemplify creative solutions that tribes may develop in order to defy the need to change both economy and government.
7. , 98, 106, 110, 113, 124, 128 –131, 138 –141, 156, 159, 162 –164, 186, 199; David R. Palmer, 1794: America, Its Army, and the Birth of the Nation (Novato, CA: Presidio Press, 1994), 30 – 84. 8. See note 4. 9. Max Weber, The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism (New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1958), 59 – 60; Dean Howard Smith, Modern Tribal Development: Paths to Self-sufficiency and Cultural Integrity in Indian Country (Walnut Creek, CA: AltaMira Press, 2000), 80 – 82; E. E. indb 32 3/8/06 3:52:22 PM Remaking Tribal Constitutions 33 Economics and Political Science 26 (1960): 53; Arthur Ray, Indians and the Fur Trade (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1974), 68; Adair, Adair’s History, 394 –396, 444; Thomas Norton, The Fur Trade in Colonial New York, 1686 –1776 (Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press, 1974), 70; Roul Narrall, “The Causes of the Fourth Iroquois War,” Ethnohistory 16 (1969): 58 –59; Paul Phillips, The Fur Trade, vol.
American Indian Constitutional Reform and the Rebuilding of Native Nations by Eric D. Lemont