By International Monetary Fund, Gerald K. Helleiner
Edited via G.K. Helleiner, this quantity comprises the lawsuits of a symposium together backed by way of the organization of African relevant Banks and the IMF that was once held in Nairobi, Kenya, in may possibly 1985.
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Additional info for Africa and the International Monetary Fund : papers presented at a symposium held in Nairobi, Kenya, May 13-15, 1985
In some cases, for example, adverse changes in circumstances may require larger disbursements to support certain policy initiatives, and in such instances it should be possible either to increase the funds available or to scale down our policy ambitions without forfeiting the next tranche of a stand-by. Third, the Fund should become more directly involved in the difficult institutional changes needed to make markets work more effectively and, if necessary, be prepared to lend funds in support of such changes.
Not for Redistribution 18 RICHARD D. ERB the use of Fund resources, and the furnishing of technical assistance, the Fund has gained considerable experience of the types of policies conducive to economic growth and external payments viability. The key requirements for achieving enduring growth are domestic financial and price stability and the allocation of resources in an efficient and effective manner. Particularly where inflation has been endemic, action to reduce fiscal deficits and to control monetary expansion is essential.
In most of our economies we cannot operate our present capital stock at anything like optimum capacity, primarily because we can no longer afford imported inputs. This is independent of whether these inputs are a high or low percentage of final output; so long as domestic substitutes are not available, cuts in operating imports mean cuts in capacity utilization and domestic value added. Equally, we cannot afford foreign exchange for spares and replacements to maintain our existing capital stock.
Africa and the International Monetary Fund : papers presented at a symposium held in Nairobi, Kenya, May 13-15, 1985 by International Monetary Fund, Gerald K. Helleiner