New PDF release: Advances in human aspects of road and rail transportation

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By Neville A. Stanton

ISBN-10: 1439871248

ISBN-13: 9781439871249

''Human elements and ergonomics have made significant contributions to the learn, layout, improvement, operation and research of transportation platforms and their complementary infrastructure. This quantity specializes in the causations of street injuries, the functionality and layout of roads and symptoms, the layout of cars, and the educational of the driving force. It covers twist of fate analyses, air site visitors keep watch over, keep an eye on rooms, Read more...

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Additional resources for Advances in human aspects of road and rail transportation

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E. when the sound from the CD-player was replaced by noise). In order to further increase the likelihood of the vehicles to pass the lane markings an additional yaw motion from the simulator was given. The yaw motion was triggered during the secondary task. At the end of each experimental drive subjects were asked to intentionally cross the left and right lane markings in order to provoke the just used driver aid and get a clearer idea of its functionality. The following dependent variables were computed for the occasions where subjects performed the radio task and experienced an active driver aid: (i) Duration of lateral excursion [s]: Time from when vehicle’s right/left front wheel crosses the right/left lane marker in the direction from the centre of the driving lane, until vehicle’s right/left front wheel crosses the right/left lane marker in the direction towards the centre of the proper driving lane, (ii) Overshoot [m]: Movement past centre of the right lane after a lateral excursion defined as the distance between the centre of the right lane and the maximum lateral position opposite to the lane departure, (iii) Peak acceleration of steering wheel motion [degrees/s2]: Once the subject’s recovery steering manoeuvre has started, the sharpness of the steering is given by the maximum acceleration of the steering wheel motion.

At the time of writing the UK had 700-750 charging points, with two third of these located in London (Vaughn, 2011). The research reported in this paper highlights the need to recognise these new areas associated with the driving task. 2Eco-driving Eco-driving is an adapted driving style which contributes to reduced fuel consumption and is not restricted to driving low carbon vehicles. ). Strategies include shifting to a higher gear as soon as possible, anticipating the road conditions, maintaining a steady speed in as high a gear as possible, driving slower than normal, switching off air conditioning, removing excess weight, switching off rather than idling the car, and keeping tyres at the optimum air pressure.

G. Stanton et al, 2001). The emphasis has been largely on maintaining the safe and efficient progress of the car towards the destination. The requirements of eco-driving (see below) will see an enlargement of the control function to embrace ecologically efficient driving. g. in terms of the amount of fuel, tyre pressure), as frequent opportunities are provided to refuel or correct minor issues. On the other hand, the driver of an alternatively fuelled vehicle has additional tasks concerned with assessing the amount of fuel available, the distances this will allow him/her to travel, and deciding the charging strategy.

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Advances in human aspects of road and rail transportation by Neville A. Stanton


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