Advances in Combustion Science: In Honor of Ya. B. by W. Sirignano, A. Merzhanov, L. De Luca PDF

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By W. Sirignano, A. Merzhanov, L. De Luca

ISBN-10: 1563471787

ISBN-13: 9781563471780

Authored by way of essentially the most prestigious overseas researchers, this ebook comprises 21 papers that deal with 5 normal catagories of combustion technological know-how: flame conception, heterogeneous combustion, unsteady and mobile combustion, turbulent combustion, and explosions and detonations. The ebook is devoted to Yakov B. Zel'dovich, an eminent researcher identified for his theoretical works on combustion and detonation, who served because the first Chairman of the clinical Council of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR. the 1st 5 papers provide a viewpoint of the advancements in flame concept, and the serious function that Zel'dovich performed in them. the second one part examines the problems of heterogeneous combustion and the hot advances within the box. The 3rd part addresses fabric facing unsteady mobile combustion, and the fourth investigates turbulent combustion. the ultimate part treats the topic of detonations and explosions.

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Extra info for Advances in Combustion Science: In Honor of Ya. B. Zel'dovich (Progress in Astronautics and Aeronautics)

Example text

5 Equivalence Ratio Fig. 1 The burning velocity at normal atmospheric pressure for methane-air flames initially at 300 K. 866456 COMBUSTION THEORY 23 seen to be very good; the reduced-chemistry result actually agrees with experiment slightly better than the full-chemistry calculation. This reduced-chemistry description is obtained by introducing steady-state approximations for all intermediate species other than those appearing in Eq. 2). The description employed in Fig. 29 In particular, species containing two carbon atoms, which are formed in processes such as 2CH3 —>• C2H6, are included in both the full and reduced mechanisms in Fig.

88 Because the mixturefraction field determines the location of the reaction zone, diffusion flames are nonpropagating and exhibit fewer instabilities than premixed flames. However, some cellular-type patterns that result from instabilities have been observed near extinction conditions. For example, S. Ishizuka and H. Tsuji found striped flames around their cylindrical Tsuji burner when dilute hydrogen with nitrogen was employed as the fuel injected into air. The theory of this instability has proven to be much more difficult to develop than originally envisioned because it involves important interactions among convection, diffusion and finite-rate chemistry in the presence of highly diffusive reactants.

59, No. 1-3, 1988, pp. 27-84. 76 Margolis, S. , and Williams, F. , "Diffusional/Thermal Instability of a Solid Propellant Flame," SIAM Journal of Applied Mathematics, Vol. 49, No. 5, 1989, pp. 1390-1420. 77 Margolis, S. , and Williams, F. , "Stability of Homogeneous-Solid Deflagration with Two-Phase Flow in the Reaction Zone," Combustion and Flame, Vol. 79, No. 2, 1990, pp. 199-213. 78 Margolis, S. , and Williams, F. , "Effect of Gas-Phase Thermal Expansion on Stability of Deflagrations in Porous Energetic Materials," International Journal of Multiphase Flow, Vol.

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Advances in Combustion Science: In Honor of Ya. B. Zel'dovich (Progress in Astronautics and Aeronautics) by W. Sirignano, A. Merzhanov, L. De Luca

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