By John Gerring
This booklet units forth a comparatively novel concept of democratic governance, acceptable to all political settings during which multi-party pageant obtains. opposed to the present decentralist concept (deriving from Madison and Montesquieu), we argue that strong governance arises while political energies are centred towards the guts. components has to be reconciled to ensure that this means of accumulating jointly to ensue. associations needs to be inclusive they usually has to be authoritative. We seek advice from this mixture of attributes as "centripetal." whereas the speculation has many power purposes, during this e-book we're involved basically with national-level political associations. between those, we argue that 3 are of primary significance in securing a centripetal sort of democratic governance: unitary (rather than federal) sovereignty, a parliamentary (rather than presidential) government, and a closed-list PR electoral approach (rather than a single-member district or preferential-vote system). We attempt the influence of those associations throughout a variety of governance results.
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Additional resources for A Centripetal Theory of Democratic Governance
On STV, see Bowler and Farrell (1991). On the distinction between effective and ineffective open-list systems, see Katz (1986). 83333in April 12, 2008 Part One: Causal Mechanisms Fifth Republic serve as prime examples. Even so, it seems likely that, ceteris paribus, closed-list PR systems foster stronger parties. Moreover, closed-list PR is most effective in fostering strong parties where barriers to party building are most severe, that is, in polities that are new, economically underdeveloped, or heterogeneous (divided along tribal, ethnic, religious, linguistic, or geographic lines).
It is quite common for voters in a closed-list PR system to recognize none of the names on their party’s local list. Even if a local notable (a person with fairly high name recognition in the locality) heads the list, her existence does not matter very much in the ultimate choice of most voters, because the voter is aware that she is electing a list rather than a set of discrete candidates. 14 This enhances the relative strength of each party within a polity, for a complex set of reasons. Consider that parties in a multiparty system are small houses, rather than big tents.
If they choose to remove the individual from the party’s list (or place her so low as to effectively prevent her from gaining office), the electoral ramifications are minimal, since her identification with the constituency is likely to be peripheral. It is quite common for voters in a closed-list PR system to recognize none of the names on their party’s local list. Even if a local notable (a person with fairly high name recognition in the locality) heads the list, her existence does not matter very much in the ultimate choice of most voters, because the voter is aware that she is electing a list rather than a set of discrete candidates.
A Centripetal Theory of Democratic Governance by John Gerring