By Arend KOUWENAAR (Eds.)
Utilizing fresh learn on Ecuador, this booklet discusses a social accounting matrix (SAM)-based version for simulating the consequences of uncomplicated wishes rules on quite a few socio-economic teams. particular parameter selection and specification of relationships permit the overall equilibrium version to trap rigidities and occurrences of non-perfect commodity and issue markets. simple wishes delight is defined as an ``output'' due to source of revenue formation and expenditure, and dynamically associated with the structural procedures of loved ones and socio-economic team formation, formation of the labour strength and wealth, and labour productiveness. Simulations pay attention to the results of assorted expenditure, oblique tax and redistributive regulations on earning and easy wishes pride
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Additional resources for A Basic Needs Policy Model: A General Equilibrium Analysis with Special Reference to Ecuador
9. See Higgins and Higgins (1982). ILO (1976). See ILO (1976: 32ff), Ghai et al. (1977) for early definitions; see Streeten (1984) and Stewart (1985) for recent appraisals. See Byerlee et al. (1983) and Van Ginneken and Baron (1984) for empirical verification of such correspondence. 2). The importance of local governments for the implementation of basic needs policies should be stressed; cf. 5). The costs of a policy to achieve a certain benefit for the poor can be defined as the losses of tax payers and other losers.
Al. (1983) and Adelman and Robinson (1978)) and their welfare effects measured by (de Melo (1978a)). g. g. g. Bourguignon et al. distribution of unspecified. Some capital profit and (1983)). e. g. Staelin (1976), de Melo (1978a)), while others - in line with dynamic planning models but allowing for substitution in production and demand - derive intertemporal assuming efficient profit growth paths for sectoral capital stocks rate equalisation and an exogenous increase of total capital stock for each period (Dervis (1975)).
20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 3). See surveys in De Wulf (1975) and Bird and De Wulf (1973). 1, part B ) . Cf. Vos in ISS/PREALC (1985: 459, 462), Alarcon, De Labastida and Vos (1984). IBRD "World Atlas" methodology, which corrects for overvaluation of the sucre. Total terms of trade gains in the period 1974-83 amounted to 45% of 1983 GDP (World Bank (1984b: i)). 1: 308ff). The average profit rate for all sectors excluding government and housing is estimated at 26% in 1975 (22% including housing).
A Basic Needs Policy Model: A General Equilibrium Analysis with Special Reference to Ecuador by Arend KOUWENAAR (Eds.)